Decanting Case Approves Transfer of Minor's Trust to Special Needs Trust
There have been very few cases involving decanting, a technique that allows the trustees of an irrevocable trust to distribute the assets of the trust to a second irrevocable trust with different terms.
In the attached case, Matter of Schreiber, the New York Attorney General tried to overturn a decision made by the Trustees of a Minor’s Trust to decant the assets of the Trust to a Special Needs Trust prior to the beneficiary’s 21st birthday. The Special Needs Trust allowed the beneficiary to qualify for Medicaid benefits in New York. If the Trustee had not decanted the Trust assets from the Minor’s Trust, the beneficiary would have been able to withdraw the Trust assets upon his 21st birthday and would have been ineligible for Medicaid. The Court analyzed the decanting statute in New York (which is very similar to the statute in Tennessee) and concluded that the Trustee’s exercise of the decanting power was valid under New York law.
If you are a Trustee of a trust for a minor or young adult that will be terminating in the near future, you should consider decanting the trust to a different trust to maintain eligibility for government benefits or to otherwise protect the assets from the numerous bad things that can happen to money placed in the hands of a young adult.